Sheffield Midland station, now called simply Sheffield, is the railway station in central Sheffield, in Yorkshire, nothern England.
Sheffield is at the northern end of the core Midland Main Line route via Derby (or Nottingham) and Leicester to London St Pancras, which this year will become the home of Eurostar international services. Direct services are also available to Leeds, the North East, North West, North East, and East coast via Virgin Trains, Central Trains, Northern Rail and TransPennine Express.
The station is on the Sheffield Supertram network, and is linked to the city's bus station by a short covered walkway. A major revamp of the station approach is now complete.
Pond Street Bus Station is a bus station in Sheffield, England. Pond Street Bus Station was redeveloped in the 1990s, and renamed Sheffield Interchange. As well as containing around 30 bus stops it also has an information desk and shops within the Archway Centre.
The Interchange is integrated with the train station by way of a signposted covered walkway between the two, and is a short walk from the city centre and tram. It is also close to the Old Queen's Head, the oldest domestic building in Sheffield, and one of only three timber-framed buildings.
The Sheffield Supertram is a tram network in Sheffield, England, operated by Stagecoach Group under contract to the South Yorkshire Passenger Transport Executive. It runs from Sheffield city centre northwest to Middlewood and Malin Bridge, via the University of Sheffield and Hillsborough; northeast to Meadowhall, via Attercliffe; and southeast to Halfway and Herdings Park, via Norfolk Park, Manor, and Gleadless. Construction started in 1991, and the first section was opened on 21 March 1994, shortly after the similar Metrolink scheme in Manchester.
The system consists of a mix of on-street running, reserved right-of-way and former railway alignment. The Middlewood line runs mainly on the street up to the City Centre; the Meadowhall line runs totally on reserved track - from Attercliffe to Meadowhall it runs on former railway line alongside a freight line to Tinsley Yard and the main line at Rotherham Central. The inner part of the Halfway and Herdings Park lines consist of on-street running, with the exception of the viaduct at Granville Road. The Herdings line then runs on reserved track, and the Halfway line crosses into Derbyshire and out again on reserved lines in the countryside. This line also serves Crystal Peaks Shopping Centre.
There are two main interchanges for all public transport modes (national and local rail, tram, local buses, coaches) at Meadowhall and in the city centre.
National and regional roads
Sheffield is linked into the national motorway network via the M1 and M18 motorways. The M1 skirts the north-east of the city, linking Sheffield with London to the south and Leeds to the north; the M18 branches from the M1 close to Sheffield, linking the city with Doncaster, Robin Hood Doncaster Sheffield Airport and the Humber ports. The Sheffield Parkway connects the city centre with the motorways. The A57 and A61 roads are the major trunk roads through Sheffield, linking Sheffield with Manchester, Worksop, Barnsley, and Chesterfield.
The main line south from Sheffield links the city to the East Midlands and London: providing direct services to Nottingham, Derby, Leicester, Bedford (the fastest train Sheffield to London is two hours). Also running through Sheffield is the main NE/SW cross-country line which links the East of Scotland and Northeast of England directly with West and South Yorkshire, the West Midlands, and the Southwest: providing direct services to Aberdeen, Edinburgh, Newcastle, Darlington, York, Leeds, Birmingham, Bristol, Taunton, and Exeter. Sheffield also lies on the line linking Liverpool and Manchester with Hull and East Anglia: providing direct services to Liverpool, Manchester, Hull, Lincoln, Ely and Norwich. Sheffield also has good links with its neighbouring towns and cities, Barnsley, Doncaster and Rotherham. The main station for all these services is Sheffield Station on the south-eastern edge of the city centre. The station at Meadowhall serves all trains travelling northeast except the fastest. Passenger rail services through Sheffield are provided by Midland Mainline, Virgin Trains, Central Trains, TransPennine Express, and Northern Rail.
Sheffield is an important hub in the national network of long-distance buses (coaches), and there are direct services from distant cities such as Plymouth and Edinburgh.
The closest international airport to Sheffield is Doncaster Sheffield, which is located 18 miles from the city centre. The Airport opened on April 28, 2005 and is served mainly by budget airlines and currently handles around one million passengers a year. Sheffield City Airport opened in 1997 but, due in part to its short runway and lack of radar, has been unable to capitalise on the boom in low cost air travel. Manchester Airport, Leeds Bradford International Airport and Nottingham East Midlands Airport all lie within a one hour's drive of the city. Manchester Airport is connected to Sheffield by a direct train every hour.
The A57 and A61 roads are the major trunk roads through Sheffield. These run east-west and north-south, respectively, crossing in the city centre. Other major roads generally radiate spoke-like from the city centre. An inner ring road, mostly constructed in the 1970s and currently (2006) being extended to form a complete ring, allows traffic to avoid the city centre, and an outer "ring road" runs to the east, near the edge of the city, but does not serve the western side of Sheffield.
Though the famously hilly topography of Sheffield and its nature in times gone by as a centre of industry rather than commerce meant that the city did not develop as extensive a suburban and inter-urban railway network as other comparable British cities. However, there are several busy local rail routes running along the city's valleys and beyond, bringing workers from all over South Yorkshire as well as from the closer parts of West Yorkshire, Nottinghamshire, Lincolnshire, and Derbyshire. These local routes include the Penistone Line, the Dearne Valley Line, the Hope Valley Line, and the Hallam Line. As well as the main stations; Sheffield Midland and Meadowhall, there are four suburban stations at Chapeltown, Darnall, Woodhouse and near Dore.
The light rail system Sheffield Supertram, opened in 1994, serves the city. Its network consists of three lines that run from the city centre out to Hillsborough, Halfway, and Meadowhall.
A sizeable bus infrastructure operates from a main hub at Pond Street bus station. Other bus stations lie at Meadowhall and Hillsborough. A flurry of new operators were created after deregulation in 1986, including Caldaire-owned Sheffield & District, and independents like Yorkshire Terrier, Sheaf Line, Andrew's, Sheffield Omnibus and Northern Bus. The majority of these gradually amalgamated, Andrew's, Terrier, Sheaf Line and Sheffield Ominibus ending up with the Traction Group (or Yorkshire Traction), Sheffield & District and Sheffield United Travel ending up with Mainline and Northern Bus with successor First Mainline, leaving First South Yorkshire (formerly First Mainline), owned by FirstGroup plc, as by far the largest bus operator. Stagecoach Sheffield (formerly Yorkshire Traction's Sheffield operation, Yorkshire Terrier), Stagecoach East Midlands, TM Travel and Arriva Yorkshire also run bus routes in the city. In recent years a series of price rises and service cuts, by Mainline and First, has seen bus ridership drop and has prompted angry commuters to start a campaign called We Want Our Buses Back.
Although hilly, Sheffield is compact and has few major trunk roads running through it. It is on the Trans-Pennine Trail, a National Cycle Network route running from Southport in the north-west to Hornsea in the East Riding, and has a developing Strategic Cycle Network within the city. The Peak District National Park, an area of outstanding natural beauty popular with both on- and off-road cyclists, is so close to Sheffield that part of the park lies within the city boundary, and there are green routes into the park almost from the city centre.
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